Dietary Guidelines and Optimum Vaccine to Withstand Corona Virus in Libya: NutritionalBased Survey
Amal R. Agila
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Derna University, Derna, Libya.
*Dr. Amal Rajab Agila, Associate Professor in Food Science, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of
Medicine, Derna University, Derna, Libya.
Figure 1: Percentage of Dietary Status of Men (n = 100).
In comparison, all women in this study were had powerfully interest in consuming foods rich in vitamin C, proteins and zinc and they did not prefer eating fast foods or meals from restaurants, in particular during the period of high infection among universal public. This point to those women had higher interest in eating healthy foods than men as a way to fight corona virus. A previous study documented that women had superior knowledge to pick out diet healthiness and diet avoidance than men.  There is a statistically significant (P = 0.013) between women and men according to consuming healthy diet. Among interviewed men and women, women tended to be more negative than men in their attitudes with a percentage of 22 %, 12%, respectively. This similar to an earlier research explained that females tended to have depressing thoughts about corona virus crisis than males. In general, more than third of people worries about the healthiness of their nutritional diet and females were more anxious over having bad nutrition.  Researchers in the earlier period gave details about correct nutrition may affect positively on health during corona’s outbreak. Vitamin C rich diet such as oranges, kiwi, lemon, grapefruit, strawberries considers the most excellent approach to get better health and fight against the viral corona infection. [6,7] Furthermore, high-fibers rich foods such as whole grains, raw vegetables and fruits, foods containing proteins such as milk, fish, sea foods, tree nuts and selenium and zinc rich foods may stimulate antioxidants and anti-inflammation formation to guard from corona virus. [1, 6] Additionally, a proper healthy diet can encourage immune system to resist corona virus.  As a dietary agenda in line with present guidelines to fight corona virus and enhance the stronger immune system, public people should follow these tips: [1, 6, 15]
- Consume fresh fruits or their juices every day such as oranges, apples, guavas, strawberries, banana, and grape and cantaloupe melon.
- Have fresh vegetables such as garlic, ginger, lime, green peppers, broccoli, beans and legumes.
- Consume whole grains, un processed nuts, oats, wheat and brown rise.
- Have red meat twice per week, poultry 3 times weekly and fish or eggs twice time per week.
- Drink valuable amount of water daily.
- Have milk and milk products every day.
- Wash fruits and vegetable earlier than eating.
- Keep cooked food away from raw food to prevent contamination.
- Use different chopping boards for fruits, vegetables and meat to prevent cross contamination.
Vaccinations versus Gender and Age
This effort included data on approximately 989 Libyan cases took vaccination against corona virus and had negative side effects. Participants were not suffered from health problems. The vaccine types include AstraZeneca, Sputnik V, Sinopharm, Novava and Pfizer vaccine. 989 cases were from different regions of Libya including 652 (65.9%) cases from the west, 166 (16.8%) cases from the east, 144 (14.6) cases from the central and 27 (2.7%) cases from the south. Of 989 cases, there were 537 men (54%) and 452 women (46 %) from east, west, south and central regions of Libya. Among 989 cases, there were 982 cases (99.3%) from Libya and 7 cases (0.7%) from foreign countries. There were statistically significant difference (P = 0.045) between men and women took vaccinations against corona. The cases took vaccination aged from 20 to 75 years. There were 229 old men (23.2%) and 178 old women (17.9%) had negative side effects from corona vaccination. Data found that the side effects of vaccination increased with age in order that, the cases aged 60 years old and above were more negatively affected by vaccination than other age groups (Figure 2). Old men were more likely 5.3% have side effects from corona virus vaccination than old women. There was no significant difference (P = 0.399) between old men and women to have side effects from corona virus vaccination. This indicates that corona vaccine may cause side effects for both men and women aged 60 years and above, but old men more effected than old women. This is because women may care about having healthy nutrition.  However, nutritional situation is influenced by age, sex, health status, life style  and type of vaccine. A prior study implied that people aged 60 years old and over were the most affected by the severity of the vaccine. 
Figure (2): Age Groups and Gender of Individuals Took Corona Virus Vaccinations (n =989).
The significant finding in this work that vaccinations caused many side effects including a headache, bleeding, fatigue, muscle pain, cough, diarrhea, swelling etc. Among 989 cases, there were 720 cases (72.8%) were complained of headache and fatigue followed by 650 cases were suffered from muscle pain and 620 cases were had nausea and joint pain. This indicates that taking the vaccinations may lead to some health complications. This similar to a previous study reported that some symptoms may emerge after taking the vaccines,  These side effects arranged from mild to server symptoms. [10, 12] Practically, in this study, 955 cases (96.5%) had mild side effects after taking the vaccination, while 34 cases (3.4%) had serious symptoms. In addition, the present effort offered that the majority symptoms and side effects were from AstraZeneca vaccine (58%), whilst the Novavax vaccine gave the least side effects (1%) followed by Pfizer vaccine provided (2%) (Figure 3). As well, the percentage of side effects of Sputnik V vaccine was 30%, whereas the percentage of side effects of the Sinopharm vaccine was 9%. This point to that Novavax vaccine and followed by Pfizer vaccine have a lesser amount of negative effect than other vaccinations. This is for the reason that Chinese vaccine such as Pfizer holds a dead virus, consequently the side effects are mild with a little rise in a temperature and do not exceed the sensing of pain at the position of the needle. 
Figure 3: Percentage of The Side Effects of Vaccines.
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