The Impact of Covid-19 vaccinations on the wellbeing of doctors Worldwide
Hesham Hegazi1, Martin Edwards2
1General practice training, Wirral University Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
2Department of child health, Cardiff and Vale UHB
*Hesham Hegazi, General practice training, Wirral University Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust.
We included doctors from the different continents, but Asian doctors had the greatest share (52.5%), followed by Africa (21.5%). Regarding country income, most of our participants were from lower-middle-income countries (59.1%), followed by upper-middle-income ones (23.2%).
Table 2 shows the work-related data of the study doctors. We included different medical specialties, mainly family medicine (26.8%), internal medicine (24.3%), and surgery (17.3%). Their career level ranged from junior doctors (15.5%) to consultants (33.1%), and their working hours varied from less than 20 hours to 50 or more working hours per week. PWS had a mean value of 7.95, and it ranged between 0 and 12, as illustrated in Table 3.
Table 2: Work related data
Table 3: Personal Wellbeing Score (PWS) questionnaire
Previous Covid 19 infection was reported by 533 participants during the last 2 years (31.7%), while 141 doctors reported that they may have caught this infection (8.4%). As regard vaccination data, it was as follows; two doses (74.6%), only one dose (7%), one dose and waiting for the second one (8.6%), not waiting (6.1%) and never vaccinated (3.6%). Table 4 summarizes the previous data.
Table 4: COVID related data
According to Table (5), most doctors reported their optimism regarding vaccination development and its subsequent positive impact on their wellbeing. Also, most of them agreed that burnout is a serious problem needing more attention to be well managed. The participants suggested some solutions to improve their wellbeing from their point of view, as shown in Table (6).
Table 6: Do you have suggestions to enhance doctors’ wellbeing during and after the pandemic
Figure 1: Personal Wellbeing Score (PWS) questionnaire
Age distribution had no significant impact on PWS (p = 0.583). Nevertheless, the same score showed a significant rise in the male population compared to females (8.18 vs 7.73 – p 0.002). Both specialty and continent distribution did not show a significant association with the same score (p = 0.784 and 0.611). Also, the number of working hours per week showed no significant association with the same score (p = 0/154). However, higher medical career levels were associated with higher PWS (p < 0.001).
Redeployment was associated with significantly lower PWS (p < 0.001), which had mean values of 7.63 and 8.31 in the reemployed and non-reemployed doctors, respectively. We noted higher PWS in high and lower middle income countries (p = 0.035) compared to the other two types (low and upper-middle). Although Covid 19 infection was associated with a significant decrease in PWS (p < 0.001), vaccination did not show any significant impact on the same score (p = 0.085).
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